Instruction for Authors
Authors should adhere to the following while submitting the manuscript:
- Papers are accepted only in English.
- Manuscripts should be compiled in the following order: Cover page/title page;
- abstract; keywords; main text; acknowledgments; appendixes (as appropriate) and references.
- The cover page of the manuscript should include author‟s full
names, affiliations, postal addresses, telephone and fax numbers and
e-mail addresses. Author/s profile should be in a separate page.
- All document information identifying the author/s should be
removed from any other part of the manuscript to allow them to be sent
anonymously to referees.
- One author should be identified as the corresponding author using asterisk.
- Abstracts of up to 200 words (11 font sizes, italic) are
required for all papers indicating the objectives, purpose of the
research, methods used, major results, conclusions & implications.
- Each paper should have four to six keywords separated by comma with 11 font size and italic.
- Title and main text heading should be centered and typed in bold capitals.
- Section headings should be concise and numbered sequentially, using a decimal system for subsections.
- All submissions must be limited to 10-12 A4 pages in length
(including the cover page and brief profile of the author/s) typed on
one side in 12 point font double spaced in Microsoft Word format.
- Leave margins of 2.5 cm/ 1 inch at the top and sides and 4 cm at the bottom of each page.
- All figures and tables must be numbered in the order in which
they appear in the paper (figure 1, figure 2, table 1, and table 2).
- In multi-part figures and tables, each part should be labeled (figure 1(a), figure 1(b)).
- Figures & tables must be included in the text.
The title of the manuscript should be selected carefully. It should be
concise (maximum of 10 words in 14 font size), specific and descriptive
enough to contain key words or phrases indicating the contents of the
Introduction:This part of the paper should provide
background information on the subject, justification or underlying
hypothesis for doing the work and the major objectives of the research
or investigation; it should provide a brief review of literature,
limited to information essential to orient the reader.
Materials and Methods:under this heading a brief and
concise description of the conditions under which the investigation was
carried out and the materials, the procedures, techniques and
experimental design used.
Results and Discussion:the major findings, assessment
of the significance of the results of the investigation and the possible
practical implications may be discussed with the references to the
problems indicated in the introduction or stated as objectives.
Acknowledgement:It may be given immediately following the results and discussion or conclusion section but preceding the reference section.
References:are listed alphabetically by the author‟s
last name. References should be selected on their relevance and as much
as possible, recent references should be cited and the number kept to
minimum. References should be presented in the author-year style.
Therefore, the references in the text for one or two authors are given
as shown in the following:
In case of Ethiopian names, the author‟s given (first) name precedes
that of the father‟s name; eg Taye Alemu and not Alemu, T. Ethiopian
name should not be abbreviated. (Solomon Kebede and Chala Hunde, 1989),
(Solomon Kebede, 1987; Chala Hunde,1989), (Parrotta, 1987; Otsamo,
1989). For three or more authors use et al. which is not italics,
Solomon kebede, et al. (1987).
Some of the examples of acceptable format for listing references in the
references section are shown below. References are the same font space
with the text.
Sterman, J. (2000): Business dynamics: Systems thinking and modeling for
a complex world, McGraw-Hill, Burr Ridge, Illinois, 141-153.
Singh, S.P., and Chaudhary, B.D. (1977): Biometrical methods in
quantitative genetic analysis. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India,
Tseng, M.L. (2009): A causal and effect decision making model of service
quality expectation using grey-fuzzy DEMATEL approach. Expert Systems
with Applications, 36(4): 7738-7748.
Lai, K.H. and Cheng, T.C. (2003): Supply chain performance in transport
logistics: An assessment by service providers. International Journal of
Logistics Research & Applications,
Gezahegn Ayele, Tekalign Mamo (1995): Determinants of demand for
fertilizer in Vertisol cropping system in Ethiopia. Tropical
agriculture, 72: 165-169.
Citations of unpublished and other source materials not readily
available in the libraries are not recommendable to include in the
The manuscript should be sent to email@example.com. Any queries about
submitted manuscript or guidelines should be forwarded to this mail.
Authors would be required to sign a submission form once the manuscript
is accepted which would be sent to the corresponding author's email.