The Evaluation of Different Blended Fertilizers Types and Rates for Improving the Productivity of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Debub Ari District, Southwestern Ethiopia

  • Abebe Hegano Southern Agricultural Research Institute (SARI), Jinka Agricultural Research Center, Jinka, Ethiopia
  • Atinafu Tunebo Southern Agricultural Research Institute (SARI), Jinka Agricultural Research Center, Jinka, Ethiopia
  • Shimelis Tesema
Keywords: Blended Fertilizer, NPS, NPSB, Wheat, Grain Yield

Abstract

Production and productivity of wheat is decreased mainly by soil fertility depletion and inappropriate rate of poor nutrients availability. Crop specific fertilizer recommendation is necessary for sustainable crop production. Accordingly, a field experiment was conducted during the main rainy season of 2018 and 2019 to evaluate blended fertilizer types and rates effect on improving production of wheat in Debub Ari district, Southern Ethiopia. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. The experiment consisted of 9 treatments viz. control, (142 NPS + 42 urea) kgha -1 , (189NPS + 72Urea) kgha -1 , (142 NPS +102Urea) kgha -1 , (237NPS + 102Urea) kgha -1 , (150NPSB+ 41Urea) kgha -1 , (200 NPSB + 72Urea) kgha -1 , (250NPSB + 102Urea) kgha -1 and (150 NPSB + 161Urea) kgha -1 treatments. Full dose of blended fertilizers were applied at planting time and urea was top dressed after 35 days of planting. Application of blended fertilizer significantly (p < 0.05) increased the plant height, number of tillers per plant, spike length, number of seeds per spike, grain yield, aboveground biomass, and thousand seed weight at harvest as compared to the control. The maximum and significant grain yield (3796.7kg ha -1 ) and minimum (1466.5kg ha -1 ) were obtained from the application of 237 kg ha -1 NPS + 102kgha -1 Urea and control treatment, respectively. The application of 237 kg ha -1 NPS + 102kgha -1 Urea had maximum and acceptable Marginal rate of return (MRR %) and net benefit. Therefore, this type and rate of blended fertilizer can be recommended since it produced a high marginal rate of return, high net benefit, and relatively low total cost of production, for wheat production in the study area and other similar agro-ecologies.

References

Abebual Woldetsadik, Wondwosen Tena and Asmare Melese. 2019. Effect of Different
Blended Fertilizer Formulation on Yield and Yield Components of Bread Wheat
(Triticum aestivum L.) in Siyadebrenawayu District, North Shewa, Ethiopia. Journal of
Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 9 (15): 13-23.
Alloway, B.J. 2003. Zinc in soils and crop nutrition. International Zinc Assocation. pp114. http:// www.zinccrops.org
ATA (Agricultural Transformation Agency). 2016. Soil Fertility Status and Fertilizer Recommendation Atlas of the Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Regional State, Ethiopia, by Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources and Agricultural Transformation Agency, Ethiopian, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Bekele Hundie, Mawangi W and Tanner DG. 2000. Adaptation of improved wheat technologies in Addaba and Dodola woredas of the Bale high lands of Ethiopia CIMMYT/EARO, Addis
Ababa, Ethiopia. Bread wheat cultivars released in Ethiopia from 1949 to 1987.
Berhan Abayu. 2012. Agronomic and Economic Effects of Blended Fertilizers under Planting Method on Yield and Yield Components of Tef: MSc Thesis, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
CIMMYT. 1988. From agronomic data to farmer recommendations: An Economics Training Manual. Completely revised edition. Mexico. D.F.
CSA (Central Statistics Agency). 2018. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Central Statistical Agency agricultural sample survey report on area and production of major crops (private peasant holdings, meher season), Volume I, Statistical Bulletin 586, Addis Ababa Ethiopia, 2017/18 (2010 E.C.)
Demeke M and Di Marcantonio F. 2013. Analysis of incentives and disincentives for wheat in Ethiopia. Technical notes series, MAFAP, FAO, Rome.
Dinkinesh Abera, Tamado Tana and Tadesse Dessalegn. 2020. Effects of blended NPSB fertilizer rates on yield and grain quality of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L.) varieties in Minijar Shenkora District, Central Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 30(3): 57–76. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ejas/article/view/198452
Efrem Bechere, Hirut Kebede and Getachew Belay. 2000. Durum wheat in Ethiopia: An old crop in an ancient land. Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
FAOSTAT (The Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database). 2013. Agricultural production Statistics. (http://www.fao.org/faostat.)
Haji Jewaro Beketa, Demelash Kefale and Tarekegn Yoseph. 2020. Effect of Blended Fertilizer Types and Rates on Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Wondo District, Southern Ethiopia. International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research, 8(4):326-342
Hariram and Dwivedi K.N. 1994. Delineation of sulfur deficient soil group in the central alluvial tract of Uttar Pradesh. Journal of the Indian SSS, 42:284-286.
Jones J.B. 2003. Agronomic Handbook: Management of Crops, Soils, and Their Fertility. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL, USA.
Sanchez, A. P. and R. B. Leakey. 1997. Land use transformation in Africa: three determinants for balancing food security with natural resource utilization. Agron J., 7: 15-23.
Seyoum Alemu. 2017. Effect of blended NPS and N fertilizer rates on yield components, yield and grain protein content of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Bore district, Guji Zone, Southern Ethiopia. MSc Thesis. School of Plant Sciences, Haramaya University, Ethiopia.
Sofonyas Dargie, Fisseha Hadgu, Hagos Brhane, Tsigabu Mehari , Molla Hadis, Girmay Hailu and Daniel Berhe. 2021. Evaluation of NPSZn Blended Fertilizer on Yield and Yield Traits of Bread Wheat ( Tritcum aestivum L .) on Cambisols and Vertisols. Ethiop. J. Agric. Sci. 31(2): 33-43.
Stewart, W. M., D. W. Dibb, A. E. Johnston and T. J. Smyth. 2005. The contribution of commercial fertilizer nutrients to food production. Agron J. 97: 1-6.
Tekalign Tadesse. 1991. Soil, plant, water, fertilizer, animal manure and compost analysis. Working Document No. 13. International Livestock Research Center for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Teklu Erkossa and Hailemariam Teklewold. 2009. Agronomic and Economic Efficiency of Manure and Urea Fertilizers Use on Vertisols in Ethiopian Highlands. Agricultural Sciences in China. 8(3): 352–360.
Tesfaye, Tesemma. 1988. Durum wheat breeding in Ethiopia. In:Van Ginkel, M. and D.G. 18-22.
Published
2022-07-29
How to Cite
Hegano, A., Tunebo, A., & Tesema, S. (2022). The Evaluation of Different Blended Fertilizers Types and Rates for Improving the Productivity of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Debub Ari District, Southwestern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Sciences and Sustainable Development, 9(2), 53-61. https://doi.org/10.20372/ejssdastu:v9.i2.2022.414
Section
Articles